2016 deaths: The great, the good and the lesser known – BBC News

2016 deaths: The great, the good and the lesser known – BBC News

The year 2016 has been called that of the big celebrity death. But alongside notable names such as Bowie, Muhammad Ali and Victoria Wood, were others – many of whom had not lived in quite such an intense public glare.

With the first months of the year seeing a flurry of death announcements, it has been suggested that 2016 has seen a higher than normal number of “famous deaths”.

Now, at the year’s end, take a closer look at the lives of 34 people – some better known than others – who died in the past 12 months. And then scroll on to see who else we said goodbye to in 2016.

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Other notable deaths of 2016:

Colonel Abrams – US musician and singer, best remembered in the UK for his 1980s signature hit Trapped

Ernestine Anderson – US jazz and blues singer

Pierre Boulez – French composer and conductor, he also spearheaded the music venue The Paris Philharmonic

Pete Burns – Dead Or Alive lead singer who had a UK number one hit in 1985 with You Spin Me Round. He later became a reality TV star

John Chilton – jazz trumpeter who lead the Feetwarmers, the band that accompanied George Melly

Leonard Cohen – Canadian singer, songwriter, poet and novelist – his work includes the song Hallelujah

Padraig Duggan – one of the founding members of Irish folk group Clannad

Keith Emerson – musician and composer – founding member of progressive rock supergroup Emerson, Lake and Palmer

Emile Ford – musician who had a UK number one with What Do You Want to Make Those Eyes at Me For?

Glenn Frey – US singer and musician, and founding member of the US rock band the Eagles

Valerie Gell – guitarist and singer with the 1960s all-female group The Liverbirds

David Gest – US music producer and reality star on UK television

Craig Gill – drummer with the Inspiral Carpets at the heart of the “Madchester” scene of the late 1980s and early 90s

Dale Griffin – drummer and founding member of the 1970s glam rock band Mott the Hoople

Nikolaus Harnoncourt – celebrated Austrian conductor considered to be the “pope” of the baroque music revival

Merle Haggard – American country music legend credited with helping to define the “Bakersfield sound” that influenced future country performers

Joan Marie Johnson – American co-founder of the 1960s pop trio The Dixie Cups, who recorded such classics as Chapel of Love and Iko Iko

Sharon Jones – American singer who spearheaded a soul revival movement with her band the Dap-Kings

Paul Kantner – American singer-guitarist, and founding member of the rock band Jefferson Airplane

Greg Lake – fronted both King Crimson and Emerson, Lake and Palmer. Also known for his solo hit I Believe in Father Christmas

John D Loudermilk – American singer and songwriter best known for writing the 1960s hit Tobacco Road

Sir Neville Marriner – conductor and violinist who established the Academy of St Martin in the Fields, one of the world’s leading chamber orchestras

Sir Peter Maxwell Davies – celebrated for his prolific and often unpredictable compositions, later to become Master of the Queen’s Music

Scotty Moore – pioneering rock guitarist who was a member of Elvis Presley’s original band and helped Presley shape his musical sound

Andy ‘Thunderclap’ Newman – founder member of Thunderclap Newman, best known for their 1969 hit Something in the Air

Rick Parfitt – one of rock’s most recognisable guitarists, he remained, with Francis Rossi, at the core of Status Quo – from their early psychedelic-inspired incarnation in the late 1960s, to their later brand of foot-tapping boogie-rock

Billy Paul – American soul singer best known for his 1972 US chart-topper Me and Mrs Jones

Harry Rabinowitz – composer and conductor, who conducted the scores for more than 60 films including Chariots of Fire

Leon Russell – American rock’n’roll hall of famer. Writer of hit songs including Delta Lady

Frank Sinatra Jr – American singer who carried on his father’s legacy with his own career in music

Dave Swarbrick – folk musician, singer and songwriter best known for his work with group Fairport Convention

Rod Temperton – British songwriter best known for Michael Jackson’s Thriller and Rock With You

Maurice White – founder of US soul group Earth, Wind & Fire, whose hits include September and Boogie Wonderland

Guy Woolfenden – long-serving musical director at the Royal Shakespeare Company

Colin Vearncombe – singer-songwriter who performed under the name Black. His 1987 single Wonderful Life was a top 10 hit around the world

Bobby Vee – US singer best known for hits including Rubber Ball, Take Good Care of My Baby and The Night Has a Thousand Eyes

Alan Vega – co-founder and frontman of the 1970s American electronic band Suicide, which used early drum machines and synthesisers and was known for chaotic and violent shows

Joe Alaskey – US voice artist who, after the death of Mel Blanc in 1989, provided vocals for Looney Tunes characters Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck

Jean Alexander – famous for playing Coronation Street’s Hilda Ogden, one of the best-loved soap characters in British TV history

Sylvia Anderson – voice of Lady Penelope in the 1960s puppet series Thunderbirds – which she produced with her husband Gerry

Kenny Baker – starred as the “droid” R2-D2 – alongside C-3PO – in six Star Wars films from 1977

Ken Barrie – voice of the children’s TV favourite Postman Pat

Charmian Carr – played the eldest von Trapp daughter Liesl in the 1965 film The Sound of Music

Alan Devereux – played the role of Sid Perks in BBC Radio 4’s The Archers for nearly 50 years

Hazel Douglas – best known from her seven-decade career for the film role of Bathilda Bagshot in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows

Larry Drake – best known for playing office assistant Benny Stulwicz on the US show LA Law in the 1980s and 90s

Patty Duke – won an Oscar for playing Helen Keller in The Miracle Worker in 1963

Ronnie Claire Edwards – best known for playing Corabeth Walton Godsey in the 1970s US show The Waltons

Ann Emery – veteran actress who played Ethel Meaker in children’s show Rentaghost, and Grandma in the original stage cast of Billy Elliot

Frank Finlay – stage and screen actor, who earned an Oscar nomination for his role as Iago opposite Laurence Olivier in Othello in 1965

Zsa Zsa Gabor – Hungarian-born Hollywood actress, she appeared in more than 70 films but was more famous for her celebrity lifestyle and nine marriages

Bernard Gallagher – enjoyed a six-decade career, known for playing consultant Ewart Plimmer in the first three years of BBC series Casualty

George Gaynes – played Commandant Lassard in all seven Police Academy films

Vivean Gray – played the interfering busybody Mrs Mangel in the Australian soap Neighbours

Dan Haggerty – rose to fame starring as frontier woodsman Grizzly Adams in a film and TV series in the 1970s

Florence Henderson – from 1969 played matriarch Carol Brady in the US TV series The Brady Bunch

Robert Horton – played frontier scout Flint McCullough on the US TV western Wagon Train which ran from 1957 to 1965

Barry Howard – best known for his deadpan role as ballroom dancer Barry Stuart-Hargreaves in the holiday camp comedy Hi-de-Hi!

David Huddleston – played the title roles in The Big Lebowski and Santa Claus: The Movie

Frank Kelly – stage and screen actor best known for playing the ranting Father Jack in the Channel 4 comedy Father Ted

George Kennedy – won a Best Supporting Actor Oscar for “Cool Hand Luke” in 1968, and also starred in The Dirty Dozen and The Naked Gun films

Burt Kwouk – most of his roles were straight ones, but best known as Inspector Clouseau’s karate-kicking manservant Cato, in the Pink Panther films

Madeleine Lebeau – French actress who was the last surviving cast member of the 1942 classic film Casablanca, in which she played the part of Yvonne

William Lucas – played Dr Gordon 1970s equine children’s drama The Adventures of Black Beauty

Valerie Lush – veteran actor who played Auntie Flo in the 1970s sitcoms And Mother Makes Three and And Mother Makes Five

Noel Neill – the first actress to play reporter Lois Lane in Superman on screen

Bill Nunn – best known for his role as Radio Raheem in Spike Lee’s Do the Right Thing

Hugh O’Brian – starred as Wyatt Earp in the first US television Western aimed at adults, which began in 1955

Louise Plowright – played hairdresser Julie Cooper in EastEnders, and co-starred in Mamma Mia! the musical on the West End stage for five years

Debbie Reynolds – leading lady in a succession of Hollywood musicals and comedies after rising to fame, at the age of 19, in the 1952 musical Singin’ in the Rain opposite Gene Kelly. She died a day after the death of her daughter, Star Wars actress Carrie Fisher

Doris Roberts – played meddling mother Marie Barone in US sitcom Everybody Loves Raymond

Andrew Sachs – his long and varied career was defined by his role as Spanish waiter Manuel in the classic BBC TV comedy Fawlty Towers

Sheila Sim – film and theatre actress, the wife of the actor and director Richard Attenborough

Morag Siller – actor known for her TV roles in Coronation Street, Emmerdale and Casualty, she also also appeared on stage in Mamma Mia! and Les Miserables

David Swift – perhaps best known for playing news anchor Henry Davenport in the Channel 4 newsroom comedy Drop the Dead Donkey

Gareth Thomas – best known for the title role of Roj Blake, in the BBC science fiction series Blake’s 7

Van Williams – played the masked crime-fighter The Green Hornet in the 1960s American TV series

Peter Vaughan – an ever-present figure on stage, screen and television, he gained huge audiences with sitcoms such as Porridge and more recently the Game of Thrones series

Robert Vaughn – an elegant presence in film and television for more than 50 years, best-known for playing Napoleon Solo in the 1960s series The Man From U.N.C.L.E.

Abe Vigoda – played Sal Tessio, an old friend of Marlon Brando’s Don Corleone, in the classic mafia film The Godfather

Anton Yelchin – played Pavel Chekov in the rebooted Star Trek films released in 2009 and 2013

Alan Young – actor and comedian who starred alongside a talking horse in the popular sitcom Mr Ed in the 1960s

Sir Ken Adam – famous for his work on Dr Strangelove and seven James Bond films, he also designed the car in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang

Hector Babenco – Argentine-born Brazilian director best known for Kiss of the Spider Woman in 1985

Robert Banks Stewart – created the Jersey-based detective Jim Bergerac and radio-DJ-cum-private-detective Eddie Shoestring for the BBC

Michael Cimino – director of the 1978 Vietnam War film The Deer Hunter

Jim Clark – British film editor who won an Oscar for his work on the 1984 movie The Killing Fields

Vlasta Dalibor – Czech-born British creator, with her husband Jan, of the squeaky-voiced puppets Pinky and Perky in 1956

Howard Davies – Olivier award-winner, known for his work at venues that included the Old Vic and National Theatre

Tony Dyson – British designer who built the R2-D2 droid model used in the original Star Wars films

Reg Grundy – television producer behind the Australian soap operas Neighbours, The Young Doctors and Prisoner: Cell Block H

Robin Hardy – best known for cult British film The Wicker Man, starring Sir Christopher Lee and Edward Woodward

Guy Hamilton – directed four James Bond films: Live and Let Die, The Man with the Golden Gun, Goldfinger and Diamonds are Forever

Earl Hamner Jr – created the 1970s television show The Waltons, which was inspired by his own childhood

Arthur Hiller – Canadian director of Love Story who went on to be president of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences

Sir Antony Jay – co-writer of the BBC TV political comedies Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister

Garry Marshall – writer, director and actor behind Hollywood blockbusters Pretty Woman and Beaches, and sitcoms including Happy Days and Mork and Mindy

Gordon Murray – creator and puppeteer of the BBC children’s series Trumpton, Camberwick Green and Chigley

Jimmy Perry – one of the greatest British TV comedy writers best known for BBC series Dad’s Army, It Ain’t Half Hot Mum and Hi-de-Hi!

Douglas Slocombe – British cinematographer who shot 80 films, from classic Ealing to the Indiana Jones adventures

William Smethurst – editor credited with revitalising BBC Radio 4’s The Archers from 1978 to 1986

Robert Stigwood – Australian impresario who managed Cream and the Bee Gees before producing the rock musicals Saturday Night Fever and Grease

Tony Warren – created the UK’s longest-running television soap opera Coronation Street, inspired by the strong female figures around him when he was growing up in Salford

Michael White – British producer behind The Rocky Horror Picture Show film and Monty Python and the Holy Grail

Vilmos Zsigmond – Hungarian-born cinematographer known for his work on The Deer Hunter, for which he won a Bafta, and Close Encounters of the Third Kind, for which he won an Oscar

Paul Daniels – brought a new dimension to the art of the stage magician, mixing complex tricks with jokes and non-stop patter on primetime Saturday night television

Garry Shandling – American stand-up comedian who played the title role in the Emmy award winning Larry Sanders Show from 1992 to 1998

Liz Smith – won a Bafta in 1984 for her part in the film A Private Function, she is most fondly remembered for her parts in the BBC sitcoms Vicar of Dibley and the Royle Family

Peggy Spencer – dancing legend known to millions of viewers for her role on BBC TV’s Come Dancing

Sally Brampton – founding editor of Elle magazine in the UK and newspaper columnist, who had spoken of her struggle with depression

Dave Cash – veteran broadcaster who started with pirate Radio London, saw the launch of Radio 1 and Capital Radio, and since 1999 worked at BBC Radio Kent

David Duffield – passionate cycling commentator who worked for Eurosport across two decades

Dave Lanning – darts and speedway commentator who called the first televised nine-dart finish, by John Lowe in 1984, and covered 50 successive speedway world finals

Ian McCaskill – popular BBC weather forecaster for 20 years, who even had his own Spitting Image puppet

Cliff Michelmore – anchor of the BBC’s current affairs show Tonight in the 1950s and 60s, who went on to host the Holiday programme

Michael Nicholson – veteran war correspondent who joined ITN in 1964, and reported on the fall of Saigon in 1975, the Falklands War, the Balkans conflict, the Gulf War and the 2003 invasion of Iraq

Sylvia Peters – BBC television announcer for the Queen’s 1953 coronation, and also helped Her Majesty prepare for her first Christmas broadcast

Denise Robertson – resident agony aunt on the ITV show This Morning

Ed “Stewpot” Stewart – radio and television presenter best known for his radio request show Junior Choice and the children’s TV series Crackerjack

Gerald Williams – one of the voices of Wimbledon, who commentated on tennis for BBC television and radio

Richard Adams – author who turned a story he told to his two daughters on a long car journey into the best-selling novel Watership Down. The book, about a group of rabbits trying to escape from their threatened warren, was turned into an animated children’s film in 1978

Martin Aitchison – produced technical drawings for the bouncing bomb ahead of the Dam Busters raid in World War Two, then an illustrator for the Eagle comic and Ladybird’s Peter and Jane books in the 1950s and 60s

Edward Albee – Pulitzer prize-winning US playwright who wrote Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

ER Braithwaite – Guyanese-born British-American writer who wrote, based on his experiences as a black teacher in a London school, the 1959 novel To Sir, With Love, which was turned into a successful film

Anita Brookner – art historian turned author who wrote 24 novels and won the Booker prize in 1984 for Hotel du Lac

Pat Conroy – author whose best-selling novels include Prince of Tides and Water is Wide

Umberto Eco – Italian writer and philosopher best known for his novel The Name of the Rose

Dario Fo – Italian playwright and actor known for his cutting political satires and for winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1997

Margaret Forster – award-wining writer best known for her novels Georgy Girl and Diary of an Ordinary Woman

Barry Hines – author and screenwriter whose best known book, A Kestrel for a Knave, was turned into Ken Loach’s 1969 film Kes

Jim Harrison – American writer best known for his 1979 novella Legends of the Fall, which was made into a film starring Brad Pitt and Anthony Hopkins

Robert Nye – author and poet whose 1976 novel Falstaff won the Guardian fiction prize and the Hawthornden

Sir Peter Shaffer – playwright Sir Peter Shaffer, who won an Oscar for Amadeus and wrote Equus

King Bhumibol Adulyadej – seen as a stabilising figure in Thailand, the world’s longest-reigning monarch, he died after 70 years as head of state

Lord Avebury – Eric Lubbock, later Lord Avebury, was the Liberal MP for Orpington for eight years, but went on to become a staunch human rights campaigner in the Lords

Lord Taylor of Blackburn – a dominant figure in Lancashire politics, Thomas Taylor led the Taylor report into school governing bodies in 1977, and entered the Lords as a life peer a year later

Rabbi Lionel Blue – a regular on BBC Radio 4’s Thought for the Day and the first openly gay British rabbi, he was known for his liberal teachings and supporting other gay members of the Jewish faith

Boutros Boutros-Ghali – Egyptian-born UN Secretary-General between 1992 and 1996 who sharply divided world opinion

Sir Robin Chichester-Clark – former Ulster Unionist MP for Londonderry, a moderate who served in Edward Heath’s government but, as sectarian violence worsened in Northern Ireland, he left politics in 1974

The Most Rev Edward Daly – retired Catholic Bishop of Derry, remembered as the priest who helped those under fire on Bloody Sunday in 1972

Harry Harpham – Labour MP, a former Nottinghamshire miner who was elected member for Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough in 2015

Luc Hoffmann – Swiss conservationist who was a co-founder of the World Wildlife Fund

The Right Rev David Jenkins – former Bishop of Durham dubbed the “unbelieving bishop” after saying he did not believe God would have arranged a virgin birth and the resurrection

Islam Karimov – long-serving and authoritarian president of former Soviet Central Asian state of Uzbekistan, accused of repressing his opponents

Lord Mayhew – former Conservative cabinet minister Patrick Mayhew served as Northern Ireland secretary and attorney general

Willie McKelvey – Scottish Labour MP from 1979 to 1997, and a mentor to politician George Galloway

Lord Parkinson – Conservative politician given much credit for the Tory landslide election victory in 1983, Cecil Parkinson quit the cabinet soon after, when it emerged his ex-secretary Sara Keays was carrying his child

Lord Prior – former Conservative cabinet minister Jim Prior served as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland during the height of the Troubles in the early 1980s

Ken Purchase – former Labour MP for Wolverhampton North East, who represented his Black Country constituency for 18 years after being elected at the second attempt in 1992

David Rendel – Liberal Democrat politician who won the Newbury seat from the Conservatives in a by-election in 1993, and held the town until 2005

Antonin Scalia – influential and conservative justice of the American supreme court who defended the original text of the US Constitution

Elie Wiesel – Romanian-born US Nobel peace laureate, political campaigner and author who wrote about his experiences as a teenager in Nazi concentration camps, where he lost his mother, father and younger sister

Lady Elizabeth Longman – friend and bridesmaid to the Queen

Margaret Rhodes – Queen’s first cousin and one of her most trusted confidantes

The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne – Queen’s cousin, Michael Fergus Bowes Lyon, who enhanced Glamis Castle

Raine, Countess Spencer – daughter of the romantic novelist Barbara Cartland and stepmother of Diana, Princess of Wales

The Duke of Westminster – billionaire landowner and philanthropist Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor was said to be the third richest person in the UK

Lord Briggs – Asa Briggs worked at the Bletchley Park code-breaking station during World War Two, and would become a leading historian and adult education pioneer, helping to set up the Open University and Sussex University

Denton Cooley – American surgeon who implanted the first totally artificial heart in a patient in 1969

Donald Henderson – US doctor and epidemiologist who led a successful World Heath Organization campaign to wipe out smallpox worldwide

John Glenn – the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962, who later became a Democratic senator

Henry Heimlich – US doctor credited with inventing, in 1974, a lifesaving anti-choking technique, which uses abdominal thrusts to clear a person’s airway

Valerie Hunter Gordon – mother-of-six who invented the disposable nappy after having her third child, Nigel, in 1947

W Dudley Johnson – US heart surgeon who developed coronary bypass operations and performed thousands of operations

Vijay Kakkar – surgeon who moved to London in the mid-1960s and revolutionised treatment of blood clots in patients undergoing operations

Edgar Mitchell – US astronaut, sixth man to walk on the Moon, who went on to claim in 2008 that aliens had visited Earth and there had been government cover-up

John Murrell – theoretical chemist who pioneered a colour framework for chemical compounds, with his research into molecules and how they absorb light

Simon Ramo – US aerospace pioneer and architect of America’s intercontinental ballistic missile system

Vera Rubin – US astronomer whose work on galaxy rotation rates led to the theory of dark matter

Piers Sellers – British-born Sellers joined the US space agency Nasa in 1982 as a scientist – but switched to the astronaut corps and made three Space Shuttle flights to the International Space Station

Joe Sutter – US aeronautical engineer considered the “Father of the Boeing 747”

Carlos Alberto – Brazilian footballing legend who captained the 1970 World Cup-winning side

Chris Amon – Formula 1 Ferrari driver from 1963 to 1976. Although considered one of the best drivers of the era, he never won a Grand Prix

Jack Bannister – BBC TV cricket commentator and Warwickshire seam bowler who took 1,198 first-class wickets during a 368-match county career from 1950 to 1968

Alastair Biggar – rugby player capped 12 times for Scotland between 1969 and 1972, and part of the victorious 1971 British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand

Jack Bodell – former British and European heavyweight boxing champion who beat Joe Bugner in 1971

John Buckingham – jockey who became part of horse racing folklore in 1967 by steering the 100-1 shot Foinavon through a mass of fallers at the Grand National’s 23rd fence, which was later named after the horse

Beryl Crockford (previously Mitchell) – World-champion and Olympic rower who later became an inspirational coach

John Disley – post-war Olympic steeplechaser and co-founder of the London marathon

Mel Charles – Swansea, Arsenal, Cardiff City and Port Vale footballer who played 31 times for Wales, including in the team that reached the quarter-final of the 1958 World Cup

Tony Cozier – West Indian cricket commentator remembered for a career in TV, radio and journalism spanning 58 years

Martin Crowe – former New Zealand cricket captain widely regarded as one of the team’s best players, scoring 17 centuries and 5,444 runs in 77 Tests

Roddy Evans – former Cardiff, Wales and British and Irish Lions rugby lock, who won 13 caps for Wales and played 18 times for the Lions on the 1959 tour to Australia and New Zealand

Anthony Foley – Munster rugby coach, who also captained Ireland three times and made more than 200 appearances in the back row for Munster as a player

Andy Ganteaume – former West Indies batsman, the only Test cricketer with a better average (112 in one innings) than Sir Donald Bradman (99.94 in 80 innings)

Trevor Goddard – South African cricketer, an all-rounder of the 1950s and 60s

Sylvia Gore – pioneering women’s footballer who scored the first official goal for the England women’s team – in 1972 against Scotland

David Green – 1960s Lancashire and Gloucestershire batsman who also played rugby for Bristol, Sale and Cheshire, and wrote about both sports for the Daily Telegraph

Ken Higgs – Lancashire and Leicestershire bowler who made his England debut at The Oval against South Africa in 1965

Enzo Maiorca – Italian spear fisherman who became a record-breaking free diver

Cesare Maldini – former AC Milan defender who managed Italy’s national side at the 1998 World Cup finals

Hanif Mohammad – Pakistani cricketer who in 1958 played the longest innings in Test history – 16 hours and 10 minutes. In a first class match a year later, he made 499 – a record that stood for 35 years, until Warwickshire’s Brian Lara made 501 in 1994

Gardnar Mulloy – US No 1 tennis player who played in his country’s Davis Cup team in the 1950s, and in 1957 at the age of 43, became the oldest player to win a Wimbledon title

Christy O’Connor Jr – Irish golfer who helped Europe retain the Ryder Cup at the Belfry in 1989 – nephew to Christy O’Connor Sr

Christy O’Connor Sr – Irish golfer who competed in every Ryder Cup between 1955 and 1973 – uncle of Christy O’Connor Jr

Arnold Palmer – American golfer, one of the sport’s greatest players, who won 91 professional titles, including the Open twice, the US Open, and the Masters four times

Tom Pugh – Gloucestershire captain and towards the end of his cricket career was shortlisted to play James Bond – but the role went to Sean Connery

Don Rutherford – rugby full-back who won 14 caps for England and went on to be the RFU’s first paid national coach

Jackie Sewell – England, Notts County, Sheffield Wednesday, Aston Villa and Hull City forward – who, when he moved to Sheffield Wednesday in 1951, commanded a record transfer fee of 34,500

Gary Sprake – Leeds United and Birmingham City goalkeeper in the 1960s and 70s, who won 37 caps playing for Wales

Walter Swinburn – former jockey, three-time Derby winner and the rider of Shergar

Maria Teresa de Filippis – Italian racing driver who was the first woman to compete in a Formula 1 grand prix

Eric “Winkle” Brown – the Royal Navy’s most decorated pilot, he witnessed the liberation of Bergen Belsen concentration camp in World War Two, and also held the world record for flying the greatest number of different types of aircraft, 487

Branse Burbridge – RAF night fighter pilot who shot down 21 German aircraft in World War Two, and brought down three of Hitler’s V1 flying bombs before they hit residential parts of London

Jane Fawcett – worked at Bletchley Park in World War Two and decoded a message which helped locate and sink the German battleship Bismarck

John “Jock” Moffat – credited with launching the torpedo that crippled the German battleship Bismarck off the north coast of France in 1941

Molly Rose – joined the Air Transport Auxiliary in 1942 and became one of World War Two’s “spitfire women”, delivering 486 aircraft, including 273 Spitfires, from factories to the RAF

Denise St Aubyn Hubbard – worked as a translator at Bletchley Park in World War Two, competed as a high diver in the 1948 London Olympics, and sailed solo across the Atlantic in her 60s

Dick Bradsell – career bartender who helped revive the London cocktail scene with his concoctions, including the espresso martini and the bramble (gin, lemon, sugar, creme de mure and a blackberry garnish)

Jonathan Cainer – his astrology column appeared in the Daily Mail for 20 years. He remained adamant that astrologers should not look to predict the time of a person’s demise, as there was a danger of creating “a self-fulfilling prophecy”

Peng Chang-kuei – Taiwanese chef who travelled to New York and created the much-loved sweet-but-spicy Chinese dish General Tso’s Chicken

Michael “Jim” Delligatti – inventor of the McDonald’s Big Mac burger which was introduced in 1967 with two lots of everything – “all-beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions, on a sesame seed bun”

Rose Evansky – London hairdresser who invented the “blow wave” in the 1960s, using a hand-held dryer and brush on wet hair to create a soft natural look

James Galanos – US fashion designer who dressed America’s social elite, most notably Nancy Reagan

Viktor Korchnoi – Russian-born chess grandmaster who defected to the West in 1976, and was seen as one of the best players never to be world champion

Leonard of Mayfair – real name Leonard Lewis, he was hairdresser to stars and celebrities in the 1960s and 70s and his styling helped launch Twiggy’s modelling career

Mark Taimanov – Russian chess grandmaster, among the world’s top players from the 1940s to the 70s, who was also an international concert pianist

Henry Worsley – former army officer turned explorer who fell ill while trying to complete the unfinished Antarctic journey of his hero, Sir Ernest Shackleton

Facewall images copyright: Getty Images, AFP, AP, Reuters and Rex Features

Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-38418802